Premenstrual syndrome, commonly known as PMS, is a wide variety of physical or emotional signs and symptoms experienced before your period starts. These changes can be a mix of physical feelings like bloating or headaches, and emotional ones like feeling sad or irritable. In this blog, we'll talk about what causes PMS, what symptoms to look out for, and some ways to feel better when you're going through it.

What is PMS? 

PMS, short for premenstrual syndrome, is a bunch of symptoms that usually show up a few days before your period starts. These symptoms can be different for everyone and can be mild or really bothersome. While the specific origin of PMS is not completely understood, hormonal fluctuations, notably changes in estrogen and progesterone levels, chemical changes in the brain, depression are thought to play a key influence in its onset.

Symptoms of PMS

PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, brings along a variety of symptoms that can affect your body and mood. Here are some common signs that you can experience before your period starts.

  • Mood swings: Feeling irritable, anxious, or sad for no apparent reason.
  • Bloating: Feeling swollen or puffy, especially around the abdomen.
  • Fatigue: Feeling unusually tired or low on energy, even after getting enough rest.
  • Cramps: Experiencing abdominal discomfort or mild pain similar to period cramps.
  • Food cravings: Having intense cravings for certain types of food, such as sweets or salty snacks.
Signs of PMS

PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, can bring about various signs that indicate your period is on its way. Understanding these signs can help you prepare and manage any discomfort that may arise. Let's take a look at some common signs of PMS.

  • Breast tenderness: Feeling soreness or sensitivity in the breasts.
  • Headaches: Experiencing mild to moderate headaches or migraines.
  • Acne flare-ups: Noticing an increase in pimples or breakouts on the skin.
  • Trouble sleeping: Having difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep during the nights leading up to your period.
  • Digestive issues: Experiencing bloating, constipation, or diarrhea as a result of hormonal changes.
How to control PMS?

Feeling better during the days before your period is possible with a few simple steps to manage PMS, or premenstrual syndrome. By making some lifestyle changes, you can ease symptoms and feel more comfortable. Here are some ways to manage PMS.

Eat well

Enjoy a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to help balance hormones and reduce bloating and mood swings.

Stay active

Regular exercise, like walking or yoga, can boost your mood and reduce stress, making PMS symptoms more manageable.

Get enough sleep

Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep each night to keep your hormones in check and improve your mood and energy levels.


Take time to unwind with activities like deep breathing, meditation, or writing in a journal to lower stress and improve your emotional well-being.

Consider supplements

Talk to your doctor about supplements like calcium, magnesium, or vitamin B6, which may help ease PMS symptoms when taken as part of a healthy diet.

What’s Next? 

Understanding PMS is the first step to feeling better during your period. By knowing the signs and symptoms, you can take action to manage them.

Simple changes like eating well, staying active, getting enough sleep, and finding ways to relax can make a big difference. Don't hesitate to talk to your doctor if you need extra help.

Remember, you are not alone. Contact friends, family, or healthcare providers for assistance. With the proper understanding and coping skills, you can overcome PMS and feel better overall.